Demonstration on European pilot sites
Action B3 aims to provide solutions for the adaptation of viticulture to climate change, according to the environmental and viticultural profile of each of the five demonstration sites participating in the project.
Each vineyard is characterised by a great variability, generated by its climate, soils, topography, grape varieties, specific cultural practices and grapevine training systems. This variability requires a specific approach in order to provide solutions for grapevine adaptation to climate change for particular environmental and technological situations. Vinegrowers, who have become more and more accustomed to climate change, are interested only in very tangible measures of adaptation which match their wine grape varieties, vine training systems, soil maintenance systems, local relief characteristics etc. That is why, for each pilot site of the ADVICLIM project, the most representative elements of the vineyard will be studied in order to get clear answers to the grape growers’ questions, such as “how does climate change affect my grape yields?” or “how can I maintain my wines’ typical flavour profile?”.
Taking these factors into account, action B3 is designed as a coordinating activity; to demonstrate the feasibility of the adaptation and mitigation strategies developed in actions B1 and B2. Its specific objectives are: to evaluate the feasibility of applying the adaptation and mitigation strategies to each pilot site’s characteristics; to analyse and highlight common characteristics to be disseminated at European level; and to assess, and/or redefine the strategies as the demonstration progresses.
In order to achieve these objectives, action B3 will establish a common approach in the demonstration sites. This will be the study of the most representative elements of the vineyards represented by the demonstration site in different agro-environmental situations within its area. This approach involves establishing the most representative elements of the vineyard in each pilot site and identifying the environmental and technological situations in which these specific elements must be studied. This includes the setting up, for each situation, permanent locations for sampling and analysis. The identification of environmental and technological situations in which the elements of specificity are to be analysed is achieved through the criteria specified in the characterisation sheet for demonstration sites. The establishment of the permanent sampling locations will be based on the characterisation sheet for the sampling locations that describes the technological and environmental parameters of their particular situation. The sampling points will represent different altitudes, aspects, soil types and vine training systems for each element of the pilot site. Observations and analyses of grapevine responses to the adaptation and mitigation measures tested within the project will be carried out at these sampling locations.
Thus, the ADVICLIM project will be brought closer to vinegrowers, informing them of its approaches and results and promoting and increasing the chances of the use of the recommended adaptation and mitigation solutions.
Liviu Mihai Irimia
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iaşi